• Ethics of Greek Politics and Wars 500-360 BC by …
  • Greek Politics and Wars 500-360 BC ..
  • The History of the Peloponnesian War - Greek Mythology

Arguably, one of the most devastating and important wars in Greek history was the Peloponnesian War.

Marble, Roman copy after a Greek original from c

Ancient Greece - Persian, Peloponnesian, Spartan, Greek Wars

In 366 BC the Eritrean tyrant Themison helped pro-Theban exilesto seize Oropus, and Athens, which had retaken Oropus from Thebesa few years before, recalled Chares from Thyamia and marched forcesthere but got no support from their allies. When a Theban armyarrived, the Athenians agreed to entrust Oropus to them pendingarbitration; but the Thebans just kept it. Megalopolis had rejectedthe treaty presented by Pelopidas, and Lycomedes also persuadedthe assembly of the 10,000 to negotiate an alliance with Athens,whom he then convinced to ally themselves with the Arcadians eventhough Athens' ally Sparta was at war with the Arcadians. However,on his way home from Athens Lycomedes happened to land among Mantineanexiles and was killed.

Information on Ancient Greek Wars, Peloponnesian, Persian Wars.

Born probably 150 CE in Athens, Clement was a key figure in early Christianity with wide knowledge of Greek literature and culture. His to give up their gods and turn to Christ shows familiarity with the mystery cults. is a homily that offers a glimpse of Clement’s public teaching.


Free Pericles Essays and Papers - 123HelpMe

Attempts to make peace at Delphi were blocked by Sparta's demandfor Messenia and Athens' for Amphipolis, neither of which Thebeswas willing to grant. All sides sent envoys to the Persian court,and in 367 BC Pelopidas was able to get Artaxerxes II to supportTheban positions, recognizing the independence of Messenia andcalling for Athens to lay up their warships. The Athenians accusedtheir envoy Timagoras of accepting forty talents from the Persians,and he was executed. Thebes, however, was unable to get otherGreek cities to accept the treaty. Meeting Alexander of Pheraeat Pharsalus, Pelopidas was taken hostage. The cruel Alexanderwas said to have massacred the people of Meliboea and Scotussa,and it took two Theban invasions and the leadership of his friendEpaminondas to free Pelopidas. Two years later Perdiccas had hisregent Ptolemy assassinated to revenge his brother Alexander,and by the diplomatic skill of Timotheus Macedonia shifted fromThebes to ally themselves with Athens.

1Of Halicarnassus 484-424 B.c ), the so-called "father of history." His history, in nine books, each named after one of the Muses, gives an account of the Persian wars from the reign of Cyrus down to the battle of Mycale in the reign of Xerxes, a period of 126 years. It also contains digressions on the early history and manners and customs of different peoples. It is curious that Photius has not devoted more attention to him.
2 LXX.
3 To an assembly of the Greeks at Olympia.

What Causes War? - ScienceDirect

The army of Thebes met the larger Spartan forces at Leuctra,but the tactics of Epaminondas and Theban valor won a major victory,killing 400 Spartans including King Cleombrotus in an unprecedentedSpartan military defeat that astounded the Greek world. The Spartanssent older soldiers under the command of Archidamus, son of Agesilaus;but before they arrived, Jason with his mercenaries from the northcame and persuaded the Thebans to grant a truce to the Lacedaemoneans,who disbanded their forces and left Boeotia. Orchomenus submittedand was pardoned by Thebes; but the Thespians, who had chosennot to stand with the Boeotians, were expelled, and their territorywas annexed by Thebes.

Discuss the reliability and accuracy of Thucydides …

The Lacedaemonians had seized Thebes, laid siege to Olynthusand Phlius, and assisted Macedonian king Amyntas and Siciliantyrant Dionysius. Instead of fighting other Greeks, believed they should subjugate the Persians to the whole of Hellasand enjoy the wealth of their possessions. Greek mercenaries wereselling themselves to fight other Greeks as in Cyprus. argued that an enduring peace would come to them if they joinedtogether to make war against ,annulling the treaty that was a disgrace and humiliation to Greece.I agree it would have been wise for the Greeks to stop fightingamong themselves, but failed to apply the same logic in regard to the Persians. If peaceamong the Greeks is better for all, why is not peace between theGreeks and Persians not also better? was able to see beyond Greeks' rivalry of city states to Panhellenism,but he did not grasp the larger unity of humanity.


Disappointed by Corinth's failure to help them at Oropus, theAthenians voted to seize and occupy Corinth. Hearing of this,the Corinthians asked the Athenians to remove their garrisons,which they did, and the forces of Chares were politely refusedadmittance to the Corinthian port of Cenchreae. The Corinthianssent envoys to Thebes, saying they wanted peace and asking permissionto send the same message to their Lacedaemonian allies, who insistedthey were going to continue fighting as long as they were deprivedof the Messenian territory. The Corinthians then went back toThebes to make a peace, but the Thebans wanted an alliance, whichthe Corinthians believed would bring them into the war. Corinthwas ready to make a just and equitable peace while recognizingMessenian independence, and the Thebans respecting that, oathswere taken by them, the Phliasians, Epidaurians, and others. InAthens the orator Isocrates defended Sparta's right to Messenia,but Alcidamus disagreed, proclaiming, "God has left all menfree; nature has made no man a slave."5