• Behaviorist Learning Theory
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Gredler, M. E., (2005) Learning and Instruction: Theory into Practice – 5th Edition, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson Education.

Learning theories Behaviorism, Cognitive and Constructivist

Chapter IV (Continued) - Behavioral and Educational Approaches

These behavioral changes might also manifest themselves in school and in learning.
B.F. Skinner, who carried out experimental work mainly in comparative psychology from the 1930s to the 1950s, but remained behaviorism's best known theorist and exponent virtually until his death in 1990, developed a distinct kind of behaviorist philosophy, which came to be called radical behaviorism. He also claimed to have found a new version of psychological science, which he called behavior analysis or the experimental analysis of behavior.

Teaching and Learning Resources / Behaviorism


In recent years several intensive intervention programs for children withautism have been developed utilizing a systematic behavioral approach, oftenreferred to as Many of the current forms of speech and languagetherapy and many other educational interventions for young children with autismare based upon somewhat similar behavioral principles.

 

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This section of theguideline also evaluates evidence about the effectiveness of training parents tobecome active participants in behavioral and educational interventions for theirchild.


Definitions, and resulting mindset of the educational technologist, have been influenced by the nature of technology of the time and what could be done with it. In the early and mid-20th century, the focus was on using tools associated with instructional technologies from blackboards to overhead projectors, B. F. Skinner's learning machines, films and movies, and mainframe computers. However, the advent of computer terminals, personal computers, the Internet, and the growth of broadband communications in the late 20th century enabled mindset shifts toward learning technologies, as those advances enabled greater interactivity and increased possibilities for collaboration among learners.


Behaviorism vs. Cognitivism | Ways of Knowing

Historically, there have been numerous definitions and statements concerning the nature and function of educational technology, according to Saettler (2004). Educational technology has been a term including both instructional technologies, which focus on the teacher and the pedagogies they might employ, and learning technologies, which focus on the learner. Its meaning has been "intertwined with certain historical conceptions and practices or bound to specific philosophical and psychological theory as well as with particular scientific orientations" and clouded by "the tendency in some quarters to equate new information technology with a technology of instruction" (Saettler, 2004, p. 5). In the 20th century, four paradigm shifts, each with different philosophical and theoretical orientations, affected theory and practice and definitions of educational technology. Saettler characterized those as "(1) the physical science or media view; (2) the communications and systems concept; (3) the behavioral science-based view . . .; and (4) the cognitive science perspective" (p. 7).

Learning theory (education) - Wikipedia

Thus in the 21st century, we see definitions reflecting a new mindset leaning toward learning technologies and on how instructional technologies can best serve learning. For example, the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) defined educational technology as "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources” (Richey, Silber, & Ely, 2008, p. 24). AECT has also addressed this issue fully in its book, edited by Alan Januszewski and Michael Molenda (2007).

Language Creates Consciousness: Behaviorism and the …

Behavioraltherapies, which are sometimes also called behavioral modification methods, canbe divided into three general approaches: operant conditioning, respondent (Pavlovian)conditioning, and cognitive approaches.