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What is GNU? GNU is an operating system that is free software—that is, it respects users' freedom. The development of GNU made it …

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Walk Into History on the Freedom Trail

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After Vasquez had established his point by the help of many authorities bothhuman and divine, he added: ‘It appears then, from what has gone before that the opinion held byJohannes Faber, Angeli, Baldus, and Franciscus Balbus, whom we have citedabove, is not to be trusted, because they think that places common by the lawof nations, even if not open to acquisition by prescription, can neverthelessbe acquired by custom; but this is entirely false, and is a teaching which is both obscure and vague, whichlacks the faintest glimmer of reasonableness, and which sets up a law in wordbut not in fact. For it is well established from the examples taken from the seas of theSpaniards, Portuguese, Venetians, Genoese, and others, that an exclusive rightof navigation and a right of prohibiting others from navigation is no more tobe acquired by custom than by prescription. And it is apparent that the reason is the same in both cases. And sinceaccording to the laws and reasons adduced above this would be contrary tonatural equity and would not bring benefit but only injury, therefore as itcould not be introduced by an express law, neither could it be introduced by atacit or implied law, and that is what custom is. And far from justifying itself by any lapse of time, it rather becomesworse, and every day more injurious’.

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I stand for freedom of expression, doing what you believe in, and going after your dreams - Madonna - Quotes
Nay, the very possession involved in trading seems not to have arisen out ofa private right, but out of a public right which belongs equally to all; so onthe other hand, because nations perhaps neglected to trade with the EastIndies, it must not be presumed that they did so as a favor to the Portuguese,but because they believed it to be to their own best interests. But nothingstands in their way, when once expediency shall have persuaded them, to preventthem from doing what they had not previously done. For the jurists have handed down as incontestable the principle that where thingsarbitrable or facultative are such that they produce nothing more than thefacultative act but do not create a new right,that in all such cases not even a thousand years will create a title byprescription or custom. This, as Vasquez points out, acts both affirmativelyand negatively. For I am not compelled to do what I have hitherto done of myown free will, nor am I compelled to stop doing what I have never done.


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Salman Rushdie Quote:
Together with this letter will come to you a copy printed in type of anedict which I have taken much pains to draw up, by which, for reasons which youwill see expressed, and for other reasons which are consonant with myinterests, I prohibit all commerce of foreigners in India itself, and in allother regions across the seas. As this matter is of the greatest importance andserviceableness, and ought to be carried out with the highest zeal, I commandyou, as soon as you shall have received this letter and edict, to further withall diligence its publication in all places and districts under yourjurisdiction, and to carry out the provisions of the edict without exception ofany person whatsoever, no matter what his quality, age, or condition, andwithout delay and excuse, and to proceed to the fulfilment of this command withthe full power of your authority, no delay, appeal, or obstacle to thecontrary, being admitted, of any kind, sort, or quality.

Freedom of speech is understood to be fundamental in a democracy. The norms on limiting freedom of expression mean that public …
To this double tribunal we bring a new case. It is in very truth no pettycase such as private citizens are wont to bring against their neighbors aboutdripping eaves or party walls; nor is it a case such as nations frequentlybring against one another about boundary lines or the possession of a river oran island. No! It is a case which concerns practically the entire expanse ofthe high seas, the right of navigation, the freedom of trade!! Between us andthe Spaniards the following points are in dispute: Can the vast, the boundlesssea be the appanage of one kingdom alone, and it not the greatest? Can any onenation have the right to prevent other nations which so desire, from selling toone another, from bartering with one another, actually from communicating withone another? Can any nation give away what it never owned, or discover whatalready belonged to some one else? Does a manifest injustice of long standingcreate a specific right?

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If any one thinks it hard that those things are demanded of him which theprofession of a religion so sacred requires, the very least obligation of whichis to refrain from injustice, certainly every one can know what his own duty isfrom the very demands he makes of others. There is not one of you who does notopenly proclaim that every man is entitled to manage and dispose of his ownproperty; there is not one of you who does not insist that all citizens haveequal and indiscriminate right to use rivers and public places; not one of youwho does not defend with all his might the freedom of travel and of trade.

Freedom in the World 2017 | Freedom House

My intention is to demonstrate briefly and clearly that the Dutch—that is tosay, the subjects of the United Netherlands—have the right to sail to the EastIndies, as they are now doing, and to engage in trade with the people there. Ishall base my argument on the following most specific and unimpeachable axiomof the Law of Nations, called a primary rule or first principle, the spirit ofwhich is self-evident and immutable, to wit: Every nation is free to travel toevery other nation, and to trade with it.

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Now the same principle which applies to navigation applies also to fishing,namely, that it remains free and open to all. Nevertheless there shall be noprejudice if any one shall by fencing off with stakes an inlet of the sea makea fish pond for himself, and so establish a private preserve. Thus Lucullusonce brought the water of the sea to his villa by cutting a tunnel through amountain near Naples. I suspect too that the seawater reservoirs for fish mentioned by Varroand Columella were of this sort. And Martial had the same thing in mind when hesays of the Formian villa of Apollinaris: ‘Whenever Nereus feels the power of Aeolus, the table safe in its ownresources laughs at the gale’. Ambrose also has something to say on the samesubject: ‘You bring the very sea into your estates that you may not lack forfish’. In the light of all this the meaning of Paulus is clear when he says that if any one has a private right over the sea, the rule applies. This rule however is applicableonly to private suits, and not to public ones, among which are also to beincluded those suits which can be brought under the common law of nations. Buthere the question is one which concerns the right of use arising in a privatesuit, but not in a public or common one. For according to the authority ofMarcianus whatever has been occupied and can be occupied is no longer subject to the law of nations as the sea is. Let us takean example. If any one had prevented Lucullus or Apollinaris from fishing inthe private fish ponds which they had made by inclosing a small portion of thesea, according to the opinion of Paulus they would have the right of bringing an injunction, not merely an action for damages basedon private ownership.