• Moon - Wikipedia
  • Earth-Moon size and distance
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Since the water is always moving, the Earth cannot hold onto it, and the moon is able to pull at it.

Who 'Parked' the Moon in Perfect Circular Orbit Around Earth?

Moon Phases / Lunar Phases Explained - Moon Connection

We see a different fraction of sunlight being reflected from the moon to Earth
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This full disc of the Moon was photographed by the Apollo 17 crew duringtheir trans-Earth coast homeward following a successful lunar landingmission in December 1972.

BBC - Schools Science Clips - Earth, Sun and Moon

If the Moon happens to align exactly with the Earth and Sun, then we get a lunar eclipse.
The light from the Sun cannot reach this part of the Moon directly; but at this time the Earth (as viewed from the Moon) is at its full and very bright, and what we see is light reflected from the Earth, that then bounces back at us from the Moon.

 

Moon - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The Moon isnot visible (except during a solar eclipse).The lighted side of the Moon faces away from the Earth. This means that the Sun, Earth, and Moon are almost in a straight line,with the Moon in between the Sun and the Earth. The Moon that wesee looks very dark.


A total solar eclipse, in which the Moon isbetween the Earth and Sun, blocks the bright light from the Sun'sphotosphere, allowing us to see the faint glow from the corona, theSun's outer atmosphere.


The Moon being round, half of it is lit up by the sun



A while after four weeks (29.5 days, more precisely) the illuminated half of the Moon again faces away from us, and we come back to the beginning of the cycle: a new moon.

How fast does the Moon travel around Earth? | Cool Cosmos

The lighted side of the Moon faces the Earth. This meansthat the Earth, Sun, and Moon are nearly in a straight line, with the Earthin the middle. The Moon that we see is very bright from the sunlightreflecting off it.

Moon Statistics - Views of the Solar System

Gravitational interaction (tides on the Earth caused by the Moon)transfers kinetic energy from Earth to the Moon, slowing Earth'srotation and raising the Moon's orbit, currently at a rate of3.8 centimeters per year.
Earth and Moon ComparedThe Moon has approximately 1/4 Earth's diameter, 1/50 Earth's volume,and 1/80 Earth's mass.

The Moon has fascinated mankind throughout the ages

This very high tide occurs when the moon is both unusually close to the Earth (at its closest perigee, called the proxigee) and in the New Moon phase (when the Moon is between the Sun and the Earth).

Shine on, Harvest Moon! | Astronomy Essentials | EarthSky

The Moon's surface is covered with rock and grit that are mostlydark-gray minerals, so it reflects light poorly compared to Earth,which always has highly-reflective clouds.

Is the Harvest Moon bigger, or brighter or more colorful

The Moon reflects visiblelight about 1/3 as well as Earth, and because of its much smaller size,has a visual brightness less than 1/40 that of Earth, when both arefully illuminated and seen from the same distance -- a difference offour stellar magnitudes.