• Thomas Jefferson and the fascinating history of …
  • Thomas Jefferson Biography - Biography
  • Thomas Jefferson Quotes - The Quotations Page

Even Jefferson's closest co-workers thought of human rights as including the protection of life and liberty and, above all, of private property.

About this Collection - Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 …

Learn more about Thomas Jefferson, draftsman of the U.S

Jefferson was the third child and eldest son in a family of four sons and six daughters.
Best known as the primary author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States. He was a man of many talents--an architect, an inventor, a scientist, and a collector of books and artifacts of American history. He could read more than five languages and was the U.S. minister to France for several years.

THOMAS JEFFERSON - World history

Jefferson's election to a second term in 1804 was virtually without opposition.
)




Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was a founding father of the US, the author of the draft of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States of America.

 

Thomas Jefferson - America's Library

Jefferson was at the same time one of the simplest and one of the most complicated men in United States history.
In 1776, Jefferson was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates, where he fought for the separation of church and state and other causes that were important to him.

Young Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was born in Shadwell, Virginia, on April 13, 1743
The two men had fundamental differences between them. Jefferson believed in an agrarian economy and a government that rested firmly in the hands of the people. Hamilton was more interested in commerce, was not so trusting of the people, and believed in a strong central government. These differences were the frameworks that created two distinct political parties.


Jefferson served as Vice President under John Adams. Jefferson took a strong stand against the Alien and Sedition Acts, which prevented criticism of the government, as well as curtailed the privileges of non-citizens. The Acts had the effect of stifling criticism against President John Adams and his Federalist Congress, and Jefferson was outraged, believing them to be unconstitutional, according to the First Amendment. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, written by Jefferson and James Madison, gave states the right to nullify any federal law they felt the government didn't have the right to make.

Jefferson tied with Aaron Burr during the presidential election in 1800, so the House of Representatives had to break the tie. Jefferson was declared President after thirty-six ballots. This led to the change in the voting system that required a separate vote be taken for President and Vice President.

Thomas Jefferson's major presidential achievement was the Louisiana Purchase, through which the United States acquired all the lands owned by the French in North America. It doubled the size of the country. The Tripolitan War with the North African Barbary States also took place during Jefferson's tenure. This war was started because the Pasha of Tripoli demanded a tribute from American ships going through Tripoli's waters. The war ended in 1805 when the Pasha agreed to peace.


The Third US President - Thomas Jefferson

On New Year's Day in 1772, Jefferson had married Martha Wayles Skelton, a 24-year-old widow. In 1782 she died giving birth to his sixth child. He did not allow his children educated in Europe because he did not believe in their views toward man. They grew up studying in America, but were socially raised in the European style as their father.


Jefferson was first elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1769. There, along with its other outspoken leader, Patrick Henry, he was a leader of the patriot faction. He was a legislator for Virginia from 1776 to 1779. In 1779, he was elected as Governor of Virginia. He failed keep the British from invading, but successfully guided the state through the troubled last years of the American Revolution.

Learn about the third US President Thomas Jefferson.

In 1814, Thomas Jefferson sold his extensive personal library to government of the US to re-start the Library of Congress, which has been burned during the War of 1812; Jefferson was paid $23,950 for his 6,487 books.

Biography of President Thomas Jefferson for Kids

Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States. He was the first President to be inaugurated in Washington DC, a city that he helped plan. The foremost spokesperson for Democracy of his time, he was the author of the Declaration of Independence.

Although he kept slaves, Jefferson is famed as a champion of political and religious freedom. Jefferson loved liberty in every form and he worked for freedom of speech, press, religion, and civil liberties. Jefferson swore "eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind's of man." "Jeffersonian Democracy" refers to the ideal that the majority of people must govern themselves. He wanted to keep the government simple and free of waste.


Jefferson was born in Virginia in 1743. His family was wealthy and gave him a classical education. He graduated from William and Mary College. He was a philosopher, educator, naturalist, politician, scientist, architect, inventor, musician, farmer, and writer. He had a wide variety of interests, and he accomplished a great deal. As an architect, he was known for designing Washington DC, the Virginia Capitol, his Monticello estate, and the University of Virginia, which he founded. As a writer, he was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, as well as of Virginia's Statute of Religious Freedom, the Manual of Parliamentary Practice and much more.