• HIV/AIDS in Zambia - Wikipedia
  • Hiv and Aids news and opinion ..
  • Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS - Wikipedia

HIV/AIDS is considered the deadliest epidemic in the 21st century

HIV and AIDS in South Africa | AVERT

HIV/AIDS Epidemic - East Carolina University

Browse our in-depth library of articles on History of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic
We have identified and elucidated the biology of the virus, established and improved diagnostic tests, and created effective drugs and care systems that have reduced the number of deaths from AIDS in the United States by 70 percent since 1995. However, 25 years into the epidemic, progress is stalled. The number of deaths among people with AIDS has not declined since 1998, and the number of newly diagnosed cases is rising slightly. Disease transmission continues at the same or, possibly, a slightly higher rate. High-risk behavior remains common and is increasing in some groups. Late diagnosis of infection is common. Notification of the partners of infected persons is rare. Black and Latino patients are less likely than white patients to receive optimal care. Few patients in care receive counseling about preventing transmission of the virus. All these trends are apparent in New York City, which is home to one in six of all U.S. patients with AIDS.

HIV/AIDS: A Surging Epidemic in Washington, D.C. - TIME

The Status of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa
A recent segment of the focused on the South as the “Epicenter of the AIDS Crisis in America.” In spite of life-saving drugs that are available to treat HIV and AIDS, hundreds are still dying in the city of Atlanta and Fulton County, Georgia, the focus of the report.

 

Ending the AIDS Epidemic in New York State

HIV/AIDS in South Africa | AIDS Foundation of South Africa
On June 29, 2014, Governor Cuomo announced a three-point plan to end AIDS as an epidemic in New York State. The goal of the initiative is to decrease new HIV infections to the point where, by the end of 2020, the number of persons living with HIV in New York State will be reduced for the first time. In October 2014, Governor Cuomo established a Task Force in support of his three-point plan to decrease new HIV infections to 750 per year by the end of 2020. The Task Force developed and synthesized recommendations, presented in New York’s Blueprint to end the AIDS epidemic. Up to 13 regional discussions will be held across NYS beginning in August and ending in the fall of 2015. These regional discussions will provide an opportunity to identify and implement community driven strategies and partners to address the Governor’s three-point plan to end the AIDS epidemic by the end of 2020 in NYS.

HIV/AIDS in South Africa is a prominent ..
Since the start of reporting on the HIV epidemic, more than 455 000 HIV diagnoses have been recorded in the EU/EEA. Marking World AIDS Day on 1 December, ECDC and the WHO Regional Office for Europe publish their annual surveillance report on HIV/AIDS.


It is transmitted through sex and mother-to-child transmission

The case is made that the late arrival of HIV/AIDS to the Sahel will allow governments to draw upon lessons learned about the disease and take action to implement cost effective AIDS prevention interventions before the epidemic takes hold.

Statistics: Worldwide - HIV / AIDS Research

Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has killed more than half a million people in the United States, a comprehensive public health approach that has stopped other epidemics has not been used to address this one. When HIV infection first emerged among stigmatized populations (homosexual men, injection-drug users, and immigrants from developing countries), the discriminatory responses ranged from descriptions of AIDS as “retribution” to violence and proposals for quarantine, universal mandatory testing, and even tattooing of infected persons. This response led to HIV exceptionalism, an approach that advocated both for special resources and increased funding and against the application of standard methods of disease control. The need for extra resources remains essential, but the failure to apply standard disease-control methods undermines society's ability and responsibility to control the epidemic.

In 2016, 36.7 million people were living with HIV

The report argues that while the level of HIV seroprevalence and the number of AIDS cases in the Sahel are still relatively low in the general population compared to other regions of sub-Saharan Africa, the rapidly rising trend and pattern of spread of the epidemic do not augur well for the future.

HIV/AIDS - WHO | World Health Organization

Early diagnosis is essential both to link patients to effective care and to prevent the spread of infection. The CDC estimates that more than half of new HIV infections are spread by HIV-positive people who are unaware they are infected. In nearly 40 percent of persons who received a diagnosis of HIV infection, AIDS either was concurrently diagnosed or developed within a year. They had been infected with HIV for about a decade; health care and other institutions missed many opportunities to diagnose their infection. As a result of delayed diagnosis, such patients are sicker when they begin to receive care and will thus die sooner than those whose infection is diagnosed promptly. Many unwittingly spread HIV to their spouses, partners, and others. Once they know their diagnosis, people infected with HIV reduce their practice of high-risk sex by about half, and the risk of heterosexual transmission, at least, is further reduced by treatment that decreases the viral load to below 1500 copies of HIV type 1 RNA per milliliter. Voluntary HIV screening and linkage to care should become a normal part of medical practice, similar to screening for other treatable conditions, such as high cholesterol levels, hypertension, diabetes, and breast cancer. Screening and linkage to care are especially important in communities with a high prevalence of HIV infection.