• Two Types of Abstract Expressionism 1.
  • Abstract Expressionism - The Art History Archive
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Because of the concentration of Abstract Expressionism artists in New York it was also known as the New York School.

Abstract expressionism was an art movement in the mid 1940's.

Jackson Pollock was one of the most famous Post-War American artists

As a movement the Abstract Expressionists were seen as rebels and sometimes even troublemakers.
Clement Greenberg, an art critic, was one of the primary figures who promoted abstract expressionism. Primarily, he was not comfortable with discussing issues regarding concepts and content in art. However, he believed that modern art had changed and transitioned from formal lines. He took Pollock’s work as an example, and he was rather impressed by the artist’s work. In fact, he saw the works of abstract expressionists as quite impressive, and these appeared to address anything that was lacking with the avant-garde style of the Europeans.

The Technique of Action Painting in Jackson Pollock …

Abstract Expressionism includes aspects of cubism, surrealism, and abstractionism.
These painters fall into two broad groups: those who focused on a gestural application of paint, and those who used large areas of colour as the basis of their compositions. The leading figures of the first group were Franz Kline, Robert Motherwell, Willem de Kooning, Lee Krasner, and above all Jackson Pollock. Pollock’s innovative technique of dripping paint on canvas spread on the floor of his studio prompted critic Harold Rosenberg to coin the term action painting to describe this type of practice. Action painting arose from the understanding of the painted object as the result of artistic process, which, as the immediate expression of the artist’s identity, was the true work of art. Helen Frankenthaler also employed experimental techniques by pouring thinned pigments onto untreated canvas.

 

10 Abstract Facts About Jackson Pollock’s No


These institutions and the art patrons affiliated with them actively promoted the work of New York City artists. During the 1940s and ’50s, the scene was dominated by the figures of Abstract Expressionism, a group of loosely affiliated painters participating in the first truly American modernist movement (sometimes called the New York School), championed by the influential critic Clement Greenberg. Abstract Expressionism’s influences were diverse: the murals of the Federal Art Project, in which many of the painters had participated, various European abstract movements, like De Stijl, and especially Surrealism, with its emphasis on the unconscious mind that paralleled Abstract Expressionists’ focus on the artist’s psyche and spontaneous technique. Abstract Expressionist painters rejected representational forms, seeking an art that communicated on a monumental scale the artist’s inner state in a universal visual language.


Jackson Pollock, One: Number 31, 1950, 1950, oil and enamel paint on unprimed canvas, 269.5 x 530.8 cm (The Museum of Modern Art, New York)


Abstract expressionism - Wikipedia

As a young man he developed a love of the arts, wrote poetry and played the saxophone in a jazz band. In 1945 Davie was deeply impressed by two exhibitions – Picasso at the V&A and Klee at the Tate. Not long after he visited the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice where he came across the paintings of Jackson Pollock. Davie was inspired by American Abstract Expressionism as well as Surrealism and the Cobra group.

Abstract Expressionism: History, Characteristics

By the 1960s, the movement’s initial affect had been assimilated, yet its methods and proponents remained highly influential in art, affecting profoundly the work of many artists who followed. Abstract Expressionism preceded Tachisme, Color Field painting, Lyrical Abstraction, Fluxus, Pop Art, Minimalism, Postminimalism, Neo-expressionism, and the other movements of the sixties and seventies and it influenced all those later movements that evolved. Movements which were direct responses to, and rebellions against abstract expressionism began with Hard-edge painting (Frank Stella, Robert Indiana and others) and Pop artists, notably Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenburg and who achieved prominence in the US, accompanied by Richard Hamilton in Britain. Robert Rauschenberg and in the US formed a bridge between abstract expressionism and Pop art. Minimalism was exemplified by artists such as Donald Judd, Robert Mangold and Agnes Martin.

Artist – Abstract Expressionism

For instance, Harold Rosenberg, one of the significant critics of the art movement, did an in-depth analysis of this issue that was featured in the ART News, in 1952. To him, the images set on canvas has become more than just a way to express an imagined or actual object. Instead, abstract art presents a picture as an event with a deeper meaning that what the eye can see. As a result, this resulted to the term “action painting”, although it held little space in the works of Newman and Rothko, among a few artists. On the other hand, this concept made sense to other painters including de Kooning, Kline and Pollock who all agreed in this idea.

Ex Machina: A Movie About A.I. or A Jackson Pollock Painting

Abstract expressionists soon came to realize that were some aspects of this art technique, which are no longer applicable to the post-war period. While existensialism was a popular philosophy in the post World War II era, it does not quite have a significant impact on abstract expressionists. However, it has been a common discussion among those who believe in the concept of abstract expressionism, as well as the art critics in this era.