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22/07/2013 · On this day in History, Lincoln tells his cabinet about Emancipation Proclamation on Jul 22, 1862. Learn more about what happened today on History.

Nov 16, 2012 · We have heard the soaring phrases often

They are fixed in the American book of verse

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This small pamphlet printing of the Emancipation Proclamation was created for distribution to Union soldiers and others along the battle fronts. Railroad magnate and abolitionist John Murray Forbes produced it to ensure that Lincoln’s intentions would be widely known and easily circulated.

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Emancipation. By the summer of 1862, Lincoln had come to the conclusion that he would have to free the slaves in the Southern states in order to win the war.
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What was Lincoln’s principal motive behind the Emancipation Proclamation? Did he really care about abolishing slavery, or did he just want to win the war? Most historians agree that Lincoln wanted to accomplish both, but that his primary goal at the time was to preserve the Union. In a letter explaining his position to editor Horace Greeley, Lincoln wrote:

 

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Lincoln read the first draft of the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet in July of 1862, but calculated he would need a military victory to provide justification and credibility for its execution. The Union victory at the Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862) gave Lincoln his victory. On September 22, Lincoln published his Preliminary Proclamation as a warning to states still at war with the Union. If they did not cease their fire, their slaves would become forever free on January 1, 1863.

Gathering to Save a Nation: Lincoln and the Union's War Governors (Civil War America) [Stephen D
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Contemporary biographer Noah Brooks knew Mr. Lincoln as a journalist in Illinois and Washington. He later wrote that Mr. Lincoln “had prepared a very different sort of speech from that which some before him had expected. This was not a crowd to be amused with queer stories, rough wit, and comical anecdotes. The speech was one of the most remarkable ever delivered in the city of New York. It was a masterly exposition of the history of the early days of the Republic, when our political institutions were in the process of formation, special reference being made to the slavery question as then considered. It was a scholarly, skillfully framed, and closely logical address. His style of delivery was so fresh and vigorous, his manner of illustration so clear and easily understood, that the audience drank in every work with delight.”6


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This is one of the few engravings to depict the first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by those who had just been freed by it. The scene shows a Union soldier reading Lincoln’s order aloud to an ecstatic gathering of slaves.

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Peter, Bridges, “Cooper Union Speech Pivotal for Lincoln, , May 8, 2004. Peter Bridges writes: “This is the story, well told and well documented, of how Abraham Lincoln took the train from Springfield, Ill., to New York in February 1860 (in fact, it was four trains, and a tiring three-day journey) and gave a speech in Manhattan that for the first time persuaded leading New Yorkers, and many others across the country, that this was a man to be viewed as a possible presidential candidate for the election that November. Mr. Holzer makes clear that if Lincoln had failed rather than triumphed at Cooper Union on that February evening, he might very well have failed to receive the Republican Party’s nomination for president the following summer. And without Lincoln as president, the course of our history, the author says, might have taken a quite different path.”

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After their estrangement in 1841, it was the wife of Sangamon Journal editor Simeon Francis who helped bring them together at the Francis home in 1842. Until her death, Eliza Rumsey Francis retained her reticence about her involvement in the reconciliation of Mary Todd and Abraham Lincoln. Biographer Jesse W. Weik repeatedly tried to break her reserve: “She acknowledged the receipt of my letters, but in each case declined to deny the story or further enlighten me regarding the subject, on the ground that, as Lincoln and his wife were both dead, she felt a delicacy in disclosing to the world all the details of their courtship.”33

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Cornell’s copy of the Emancipation Proclamation is in the hand of a secretary. There were once two copies of the Emancipation Proclamation in Lincoln’s handwriting: a preliminary and a final copy. The final copy was acquired by the Chicago Historical Society, where it burned in the 1871 Chicago Fire. In 1865 the preliminary copy was acquired by the New York State Library in Albany, where it remains today.