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This where the theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke become interesting as both men differed in the way they believed human nature to be.

Declaration of Independence: Hobbes vs. Locke | Intro …

Locke vs. Hobbes:Faith and the State of Nature | Intro …

Hobbes and Locke both picture a different scene when they express human nature.
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The difference between the life of American Indians and the life of perhaps even a "day labourer" in Locke's England is not a difference in but a difference in .

John Locke And Thomas Hobbes Concept Comparison Philosophy Essay

Hobbes point of view on human nature and how a government should be run is a more realistic way of looking at things than John Locke?s theory though.
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Hobbes and Locke both recognize what they called natural rights. But the rights in question are different. Hobbes regarded them as liberties, meaning the person with the right lacks obligations. Locke regarded them as claims, meaning the person with the right can demand that others fulfill their obligations corresponding to the right.

 

Hobbes vs Locke - Comparing John Locke and Thomas Hobbes

Both Hobbes and Locke see human nature differently, Hobbes sees people as being run by selfishness whereas Locke says that people are naturally kind.
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John Locke
Wrote
Two Treatises of Governmen
t in 1689
Defense of Constitutionalism
People have natural rights that need protecting
John Locke
The original state of mankind is called the "state of nature"
Government is formed by social contract, not divine right
Major Similarities
Hobbes: Government is to protect us from ourselves
Locke: Government is to preserve our natural rights

Hobbes: The ruler has all power
Locke: Sovereignty resides with the people

Hobbes: The government's power is unlimited
Locke: The government's power is restricted by law

Hobbes: People may not revolt or try to change the government
Locke: People have the right to revolution if the government doesn't protect their rights
Major Differences
By Samantha Broadfoot
Thomas Hobbes
Supporter of Philosophical Absolutism
Human's natural state was a "State of War"
Believed that an absolute ruler was necessary to keep people in line (protect people from themselves)
Leviathan
Written by Hobbes in 1588
Refers to a powerful Biblical sea monster
"Lay thine hand upon him, Remember the Battle, but do no more." (Job 41)
A ruler should be powerful enough to be beyond challenge - just as the Leviathan
He believed that the Leviathan represented the sort of ruler that people needed
"bellum omnium contra omnes" "War of all against all"
In the absence of an absolute ruler, we would all kill each other
Context: Why?
Hobbes wrote
Leviathan
in the midst of the English Civil War
Saw the absolute government in England break down, which lead to a long civil war
King beheaded, end of civil government
Led to him thinking that the only way to keep people from killing each other would be through a ruler with absolute power and who could not be challenged
Natural Rights
People have 3 natural rights: life, liberty, and property
Difficult to protect natural rights in the state of nature
People become involved in a social contract to preserve their natural rights as much as they can
People can overthrow government if they aren't doing their job
Much of Locke's work was later used as inspiration for the Declaration of Independence
Context: Why?
Wrote
Two Treatises of Government
during the Glorious Revolution
Not a very bloody revolution with minimal fighting
More evidence to support his claim that people create government to protect their natural rights, and can overthrow the government if needed.
Annotated Bibliography
Jackson J.

Hobbes and Locke both break human motivation down to a basic state of nature
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Even with these differences in their view of man and their rights in the state of nature, Hobbes and Locke both agree that the only way to exit the state of nature is to join a civil society under a sovereign power or government....


Social Contract Theory by Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau

Most of us can tell the difference between dreams and perception, or being in the fire as opposed to remembering it, but Locke does not even consider the problem of hallucinations, which can seem as real as any other perception.