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  • Khrushchev: the man and his era

In 1961, Khrushchev approved plans proposed by leader to build the , thereby reinforcing the Cold War division of Germany and wider .

The Khrushchev Era | History On-line

Khrushchev Era De Stalinism And The Limits Of Reform …

The regime that followed Khrushchev took a much more conservative approach to most problems
Khrushchev's eldest son Leonid died in 1943 during the . His younger son emigrated to the United States and is now an American citizen and a Professor at 's . He often speaks to American audiences to share his memories of the "other" side of the .

Khrushchev: The Man and His Era - Revolvy


By contrast, the Soviet Union felt threatened by a rearmed Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), by a United States alliance system that seemed to be encircling the Soviet Union, and by the West's superior strategic and economic strength. To offset the United States military advantage and thereby improve the Soviet negotiating position, Khrushchev in 1962 tried to install nuclear missiles in Cuba, but he agreed to withdraw them after Kennedy ordered a blockade around the island nation. After coming close to war during the Cuban missile crisis, the Soviet Union and the United States took steps to reduce the nuclear threat. In 1963 the two countries established a "hot line" between Washington and Moscow to provide instant communication that would reduce the likelihood of accidental nuclear war. In the same year, the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty, which forbade nuclear weapons testing in the atmosphere.

 

De-Stalinization and the Khrushchev era After Stalin died in ..


His policies also increased the importance of the consumer, since Khrushchev himself placed more resources in the production of consumer goods and housing instead of heavy industry, precipitating a rapid rise in living standards.


With Khrushchev's amnesty program, the former political prisoners and their surviving relatives could now live a normal life without the infamous "".


Paul Flewers: Review - The Khrushchev Era

Soviet relations with the West, especially the United States, seesawed between moments of relative relaxation and periods of tension and crisis. For his part, Khrushchev wanted peaceful coexistence with the West, not only to avoid nuclear war but also to permit the Soviet Union to develop its economy. Khrushchev's meetings with President Eisenhower in 1955 and President John F. Kennedy in 1961 and his tour of the United States in 1959 demonstrated the Soviet leader's desire for fundamentally smooth relations between the West and the Soviet Union and its allies. Yet Khrushchev also needed to demonstrate to Soviet conservatives and the militant Chinese that the Soviet Union was a firm defender of the socialist camp. Thus, in 1958 Khrushchev challenged the status of Berlin; when the West would not yield to his demands that the western sectors be incorporated into East Germany, he approved the erection of the Berlin Wall between the eastern and western sectors of the city in 1961. To maintain national prestige, Khrushchev canceled a summit meeting with Eisenhower in 1960 after Soviet air defense troops shot down a United States reconnaissance aircraft over Soviet territory. Finally, mistrust over military intentions clouded East-West relations during this time. The West feared the implications of Soviet innovations in space technology and saw in the buildup of the Soviet military an emerging "missile gap" in the Soviet Union's favor.

"Back to the Future? Khrushchev, Gorbachev, and the …

Despite Khrushchev's tinkering with economic planning, the economic system remained dependent on central plans drawn up with no reference to market mechanisms. Reformers, of whom the economist Yevsey Liberman was most noteworthy, advocated greater freedom for individual enterprises from outside controls and sought to turn the enterprises' economic objectives toward making a profit. Prime Minister Kosygin championed Liberman's proposals and succeeded in incorporating them into a general economic reform program approved in September 1965. This reform included scrapping Khrushchev's regional economic councils in favor of resurrecting the central industrial ministries of the Stalin era. Opposition from party conservatives and cautious managers, however, soon stalled the Liberman reforms, forcing the state to abandon them.

Mikhail Gorbachev: Khrushchev's speech struck a blow …

Following his ousting, Khrushchev spent the rest of his life as a , living in quiet retirement in . He remained a member of the until . For the rest of his life, he was closely supervised by the , but managed to dictate his memoirs and to smuggle them to the West. He died at his home in on , and is buried in the , , having been denied a state funeral and internment in the .