• Map of the Persian Empire - 550-486 B.C
  • Map of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia
  • Persian Empire - Wikipedia

The Safavid Empire was the first great Persian Empire established after Arab conquest of Persia by Shah Ismail I

FC15: The Persian Empire (c.550-330 BCE) - Flow of History

BBC - Religions - Islam: Safavid Empire (1501-1722)

This map reveals the expansion of the Persian Empire from Cyrus the Great to Darius I, 550-486 BC
By 373 BC Pharnabazus had gathered 300 triremes, 12,000 Greeks, and countless Persians and easterners. They landed on the Delta, but unable to take Memphis had to retreat from the flooding Nile to Asia. In 371 BC Thebes won a big victory over Sparta at Leuctra and refused to accept the latest King's Peace. A year later Jason of Pherae, who united Thessaly and aimed at conquering Persia, was assassinated. The king's money was also used to contribute to the famed oracle at Delphi, but Thebes still refused to accept the imperial terms.

Palestine Under the Persian and Greek Occupation | …

07/09/2009 · Religion Religion in the Safavid Empire - the negatives
In 490 BC Darius sent envoys to Greek cities demanding the earth and water of submission. The trading island of Aegina cooperated, but Sparta and Athens were determined to resist. The Persian attack was led by Datis. When the people of Naxos fled to the interior, the city was burned. Eretrians were divided but decided only to defend themselves, not to attack. After the Persians had assaulted Eretria for six days, two democrats betrayed the city hoping their party would gain power; but the Persians made the moral mistake of destroying the temples and enslaving the people. This stimulated the Athenians to attack the Persians on the plain of Marathon, defeating them so badly that the Persians fled for home.

 

BBC - Religions - Zoroastrian: Under Persian rule

Sep 07, 2009 · Religion Religion in the Safavid Empire - the negatives
In 1501, the Safavid Shahs declared independence when the Ottomans outlawed Shi'a Islam in their territory. The Safavid Empire was strengthened by important Shi'a soldiers from the Ottoman army who had fled from persecution.

Further Understanding: Zoroastrianism - State Religion . The Persian religion became the official state religion during the 5th century BC.
The Persians also developed a religion based on monotheism, the belief in one god. It was founded by the prophet Zoroaster, called Zarathustra in old Iranian. Many of his ideas were collected in a series of poems called the which became part of the religion's most sacred book, the Avesta.


Map of the Persian Empire (550-486 B.C.) Map of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia (PDF for Print) (Freely Distributed) . This map reveals the expansion of the Persian Empire from Cyrus the Great to Darius I, 550-486 BC.

The Persians also worked hard to promote economic prosperity. Their roads, strong government, and stable coinage encouraged trade. They also promoted agriculture with irrigation projects and the introduction of new crops to different areas, such as sesame to Egypt and rice to Mesopotamia. Of course, increased prosperity also generated more taxes. The Persians also kept their subjects happy by charging moderate tax rates, about twenty per cent of a person's income. Despite this modest tax rate, the Persian kings were fabulously wealthy. By the time Alexander the Great took over the Persian Empire in 330 B.C.E., the Persian kings had reportedly amassed a treasury of 5500 tons of silver.

The Achaemenid Empire (/ ə ˈ k iː m ə n ɪ d /; Persian:سلسله هخامنشی; c. 550–330 BC), also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.

Darius and other Persian kings also adopted local titles, such as pharaoh in Egypt, to win popular support. Sometimes they also kept local rulers in power as Persian vassals, such as in the Greek cities in Asia Minor. This hopefully would ensure them more loyalty, although it could backfire if those rulers were unpopular to begin with. While Persian rule may not have been wildly popular, most people tolerated it as an improvement over the harsher rule of the Assyrians and Babylonians. Keeping their subjects happy went a long way toward keeping the Persian Empire intact. It also ensured the cooperation of the Syrians and Babylonians, whose scribes and administrative skills were badly needed to keep the government running smoothly.

Persian Coins: The Achaemenid Empire struck coins from the conquest of Lydia until Persia fell to Alexander the Great in 330 bc.. A fter Alexander's death, Seleukos and his descendants ruled Persia.

Darius and other Persian kings further enhanced their authority by assuming divine or semi-divine status to overawe their subjects. In certain provinces, such as Egypt, they took the titles of local rulers who were often seen as gods. They also built a fabulous capital, Persepolis, in the middle of the desert, and adorned it with magnificent government buildings. The Persians also adopted the elaborate court ritual of their subjects. One had to go through a virtual army of officials before getting an audience with the king. When one approached the king, he performed a rite known as proskynesis, which involved throwing oneself at the king's feet. It was a great honor just to be allowed to kiss the hem of his garment and a serious offence for anyone outside the king's closest friends and advisors to look him in the eye. Such elaborate ritual could enhance the king's authority, but it could also cut him off from the day-to-day realities of empire.