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  • Greek Tragedy-160
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In Sophocles’ Greek tragedy, Antigone, Antigone has the responsibility of being loyal to her brother, Polynices.

the most frequently produced and adapted Greek tragedy of the ..

Go here for fascinating ancient testimonia on the life of Sophocles.

“Antigone” is a tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Sophocles, written around 442 BCE
Despite so narrow a slice of history, occasionally a glimpse of the larger pool of writing talent at work in the day drifts into view, for instance, the late fifth-century tragedian Agathon. While no play of his survives entire, several other Greek authors mention him, including the philosophers Aristotle and Plato and the comic poet Aristophanes. According to Aristotle (Poetics 9), for instance, Agathon "invented plots," by which Aristotle must mean that he devised the first dramas based on original storylines, i.e. build around characters not taken from older myths or tales. If so, Agathon's contribution to drama is hard to disparage, inasmuch as the creation of new and innovative plots is still held in high esteem today. Moreover, we learn from Plato's Symposium, a philosophical treatise which is set in Agathon's house at a party celebrating his first place award for playwriting at the Dionysia of 416 BCE. From Socrates' praise of the beauty and subtlety of Agathon's drama there, it is impossible not to regret its loss.


During the famous play “Antigone” the Greek author Sophocles incorporated several features of a tragedy.
It has been
said that to Sophocles - and to Shakespeare - "tragedy is essentially an
expression, not of despair, but of the triumph over despair and of confidence
in the value of human life."



In Sophocles' Oedipus the King, a man well-known for his intellect and wisdom finds himself blind to the truth of his life and his parentage.
The earliest drama we have by Aeschylus is Persae (The Persians), produced in 472 BCE with none other than the young as choregos. A play based on recent history, it stands out as the only Greek tragedy extant which does not take its subject matter from myth. It focuses, instead, on the Persians' reaction to their defeat by the Greeks in the Second Persian War (481-479 BCE), an event still fresh in the minds of many in Aeschylus' audience, some of whom would have been veterans of that campaign. As such, the play owes a clear debt to Phrynichus' The Phoenician Women and in more ways than one looks backward as much as forward. A bold and creative play, nevertheless, but nothing as audacious as Aeschylus would go on to produce in the last years of his life, and so though he was around fifty-years-old when he composed Persae, it seems safe to say he had clearly not yet hit his stride.

Greek Theatre and its origin from Ancient Greece in the forms of Tragedy, Comedy and Satyr.
In poetry, tragedy, comedy, and history, Greek writers created masterpieces that have inspired, influenced, and challenged readers to the present day.

Which ancient Greek philosopher defined tragedy ..

To Sophocles, a certain amount of suffering was inevitable in life.
No one is perfect; even in the best people there is a tragic flaw that causes
them to make mistakes.

to be the "father of Greek tragedy"

Many Greek dramas fall under theatrical category of a tragedy due to the tragic events and unhappy ending that cause the downfall of the main character.

Tragedy and Athenian civic life; Sophocles' Antigone …

Sophocles was born about 496 BC at Colonus in Attica, near Athens and died 406 BC. He lived in the most brilliant intellectual period of Athens. Sophillus, his father, was a wealth Athenian citizen and gave him a sound education in music, gymnastics, and dancing. He was well known as having a reputation for learning and esthetic taste. He was well versed in Homer and the Greek lyric po...

Tragedy and Athenian civic life; Sophocles ..

The subjects range from ancient Greece to the present day, and include speculations on the origin of ancient tragic acting, the kinds of festival performance in ancient Athens, how performance is reflected in the tragic scripts, the significance of the presence of the chorus, technology and the ancient theatre, comparative thinking on Greek, Indian and Japanese theory, a critique of the rhetoric of performance theory and of postmodernism, reflections on modernism and theatre, and on the importance of adaptation to theatre, studies of the theatre and diaspora in Britain.

only complete Greek tragic trilogy extant today

He is the author of A Short Introduction to the Ancient Greek Theater (2nd edition, 2006) and The Theatricality of Greek Tragedy (2007).