• Classical period (music) - Wikipedia
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  • The Classical Period

But, though it was taken as a model of Classical harmony, ancient Greek sculpture was not concerned solely with the idealization of beauty.

Classical - Periods & Genres - Discover Music - Classic FM

Ancient Athenian Women of the Classical Period - …

There, the stance had been freed, but the upper part of the body still looked stiff.
The effects were stately enough in standing figures, but otherwise seemed much too monotonous and restricting for High Classical sculptors, who regarded drapery as a means of explaining or emphasizing the anatomy and action of the subject.

Guitar Composers of the Classical and Early Romantic Period

Other compositions are in a more classical form, such as Minuets and other original compositions.
Though some cult statues were the work of Phidias and other sculptors of the Classical period, many of the xoana, going back to a very ancient past and preserved out of religious respect, must have been nothing but rough-hewn pieces of wood.


History of Greece: Classical Greece

During this 40 year period, music changed considerably, and Coste's music changed with the times.
Free women of the poorer classes worked in the marketplace and obviously went outdoors much more than wealthier women. All in all, it does not seem possible that most women were shut away and never seen. Surely they were physically protected by their male relatives and were expected to protect their own reputations by avoiding familiarity with members of the opposite sex and by not putting themselves in compromising situations. Nonetheless, they did seem to enjoy some outdoor activities and it is realistic to assume that many had to work outside the home because they had no husbands or because their husbands were poor. Wealthier women were also escorted by members of their household staff when they visited friends and family members. Women could not hold professional jobs because they had no access to the required education. Instead, they worked in the , in the production of wool and clothing, and some were surely prostitutes. Athenian women were restricted in the Classical Period and were not allowed to go wherever they wanted, but were not kept indoors like prisoners.

Greece has always been known as an outdoor society, with many activities such as theatrical plays and meetings of the routinely held in the open air. Is it possible that women were actually hidden away indoors most of their lives in such a society? Thucydides mentions that women were in the audience on the day that Pericles made his famous speech in 431 BC, and it is also known that they played a major role in religious activities and were thought to attend plays. Women also seemed to be prominent in functions such as weddings, which is not surprising, and in funerals, since they were the ones who took care of the bodies. Women were not allowed to visit the , the Pan-Hellenic games, or even the cherished oracular shrines of the Greek world. The only woman who could enter the shrine at Delphi, for example, was the , since she was considered a chosen one. However, women must have visited each other even if it was only for the purposes of communal domestic activities like washing clothes or letting their children play together.

History of Greece: Classical Greece

We will never really know what the women of ancient Athens thought about the inferior social position they held or even whether they thought their position was inferior. We don't know how they might have felt about the many layers of separation that existed between themselves and Athenian men. The ancient Greek world was a very patriarchal culture, with men holding all the positions of power. Women and children really did not have many rights, but one must remember the context. It could be a very dangerous existence, with invasions occurring and women taken prisoner. Women were not able to travel alone, but maybe the men felt that they were protecting them. Also, the images invoked by men like Hesiod surely adversely affected women in ancient Greece for many centuries and had many repercussions. When looking at Athens, it seems realistic to say that life was not very easy for anyone. They were building an empire and developing many important aspects of society, such as art, architecture, philosophy, science, history, literature, sports, education, medicine, mathematics, astronomy, and the building blocks of democracy. None of which should be forgotten or devalued. Although the Athenians were not pioneers in social equality, the civilization that came out of Athens was very important and influential for both men and women in subsequent generations.

Music History 102 - Internet Public Library

Women were expected to take care of the household, their husbands, and the children. This was what a woman's life revolved around, and it was very separate from the preoccupations of her Athenian husband. In fact, there was even a separate area of the house for wives, daughters, and female slaves; these quarters were called the . This area was usually located in the upper level of the house and was seldom seen by men. Respectable women stayed indoors as much as possible, and it was considered proper for them to keep out of the sun so their skin stayed white, like the "white-armed Hera." Of course, it would depend on her status in society. If she were a slave, she would have to fetch water and do the shopping at the . It was not considered proper for a respectable woman to handle business transactions. If there were no household slaves, her husband would purchase the household provisions. Does this mean that Athenian women had no personal autonomy and were basically locked away in the ?

Classical era music: a beginner's guide - Classic FM

Whether or not transparency was suggested to High Classical sculptors by paintings, their use of the device was thoroughly sculptural.

The 'modelling line' is demonstrated very clearly by the right thigh of the Iris and also by the thighs of the gods from the frieze of the Parthenon.