• Aspect of Socialist Realism..
  • Aspect of Socialist Realism
  • Socialist Realism | Socialism | Communism

Socialist Realism is the officially sanctioned style of art that dominated Soviet painting for 50 years from the early 1930s

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Socialist realism - WikiVisually

Russian Realism Paintings | Socialist realism: The ..
The First International Surrealist Exhibition opened in London in 1936 and sparked enormous interest, not least because of the talk given by the flamboyant self-publicist Salvador Dali from inside a deep-sea diving suit.

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How was Tarkovsky affected by Socialist Realism? - …
Although the exhibition curator, GF Hartlaub, described its paintings as "new realism bearing a socialist flavour", the style was vividly expressionist in its satirical portrayal of corruption and decadence in post-war Weimar Germany.

 

Romm was a stark example of socialist realism, ..

How was Tarkovsky affected by Socialist Realism
Socialist Realism is the officially sanctioned style of art that dominated Soviet painting for 50 years from the early 1930s. The style and content was laid down by the state with the purpose of furthering the goals of socialism and communism. The result was a huge body of work by thousands of artists, the majority of which is stultifyingly boring and which has been mocked in the West ever since as “Girl meets tractor”. However, among all this art there were some artists who, whilst working loosely within the structures of Socialist Realism, managed to create work of interest and originality.


The purpose was to elevate the common worker, whether factory or agricultural, by presenting his life, work, and recreation as admirable. In other words, its goal was to educate the people in the goals and meaning of communism. The ultimate aim was to create what Lenin called “”, i.e. the new Soviet Man. Stalin described the practitioners of Socialist Realism as “”.


the shackles of socialist realism - Mega Essays

The political aspect of Socialist Realism was, in some respects, a continuation of pre-Soviet state policy. Censorship and attempts to control the content of art had not begun with the Soviets but were a long-running feature of Russian life. In addition, there was a firm tradition in the West of interference by the authorities in artists’ choice of subject matter. The Christian Church, for example, controlled artistic production in the West from the 13th to the 17th century. In Russia, the tsarist government had also appreciated the potentially disruptive effect of art and had required all books to be cleared by the censor. Writers and artists in 19th-century Russia became skilled at evading censorship by making their points subtly. However, Soviet censors were not easily evaded. Punishment for non-compliance was a serious business and there was an elaborate punishment system of exclusion and banishment. Particularly in the ‘Terror’ period of the 1930s, punishments started with exclusion from the Komsomol and the Party and progressed to being sent to one of the numerous gulags, or, finally, execution.

Everyday heroes: why is socialist realism back on ..

Socialist Realism had its roots in Neoclassicism and the traditions of realism in Russian literature of the 19th century that described the life of simple people. It was exemplified by the aesthetic philosophy of Maxim Gorky, prior work of the Peredvizhniki (the Itinerants or Wanderers – a Russian realist movement of the late 19th/early 20th centuries), and Jacques-Louis David and Ilya Repin were notable influences.

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Socialist Realism was a product of the Soviet system. Whereas in market societies, professional artists earned their living selling to, or being commissioned by rich individuals or the Church, in Soviet society not only was the market suppressed, few if any individuals were able to patronise the arts and there was only one possible buyer – the state itself. Hence artists became state employees. As such, the state set the parameters for what it employed them to do. What was expected of the artist was that he/she be formally qualified and reach a standard of competence. However, whilst this rewarded basic competency, it did not provide an incentive to excel, resulting in stultification similar to that in other spheres of Soviet society.