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BBC - History - World Wars: Nuremberg: Nazis On Trial

Nazi war criminals sentenced at Nuremberg - Oct 01, …

The Nuremberg Trials and the Holocaust (Part 1)
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In the wake of World War II, the victorious Allied powers—notably the U.S., Great Britain, Soviet Union and France—established and authorized an International Military Tribunal to prosecute high-ranking Nazi officials for war crimes and crimes against humanity, among other alleged offenses.

Allies Open Trial Of 20 Top Germans For Crimes Of War

War Crimes Trials - Jewish Virtual Library
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The jurisdiction afforded to the Tribunal was somewhat unique because it covered “offenses [that] had no particular geographical location”(War Crimes: Nuremberg Trials, 2007) . These offenses were crimes against human dignity as well as crimes against specific individuals. It represented a concrete recognition that a violation of human rights had occurred that were equally as important if not more important than other well-defined transgressions against the laws of war. Eventually, 19 other nations joined in supporting the authorization of the Tribunal.


The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials Flashcards | Quizlet

The Avalon Project : Nuremberg War Crimes Trial : …
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From the start he posed as an efficient and helpful technocrat, willing to give detailed information quite voluntarily on German weapons, economic performance and strategy. He was held separately from the other war criminals and was transferred to Nuremberg only in the autumn when it was clear that he was one of those chosen for trial.

Proceedings of the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials
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Goering was captured shortly after the end of the war with large quantities of his looted artworks. He thought he could negotiate with the Allies as Germany's most senior politician, but he found himself under arrest, stripped of everything, and held in an improvised prison camp before his transfer to Nuremberg to stand trial.

Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, 1945-46, First Edition, by Michael R

On the other hand Albert Speer, the youthful architect who rose to run Germany's armaments effort during the war, accepted from the start the collective responsibility of the defendants for the crimes of which they were accused and tried to distance himself from Hitler's ghostly presence at the tribunal.


Two prisoners in particular came to represent opposite poles in their reaction to the trials and the accusation of massive crimes. Hermann Goering, the man Hitler chose as his successor in the 1930s and the most flamboyant and ambitious of the party hierarchy, prepared to defend Hitler and the Reich's war policy rather than admit that what had been done was criminal.

war crimes committed by the Nuremberg ..

Official Records From the
Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal
Against the Oil and Drug Cartel
(Nuremberg Tribunal Case IV):

Nuremberg war crimes trials 70 years on: a complex …

Similar trials were held in Tokyo, known as the Tokyo trials, for suspected Japanese war criminals under the jurisdiction of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. All 25 defendants were convicted, and seven were condemned to death by hanging (War Crime: The Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials, 2007). The Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals provided a model for how war crimes, crimes against humanity, and eventually genocide could be prosecuted under international law.

Nuremberg war crimes trials 70 years on: ..

The second argument challenged the very basis of the charges, asserting that several of the offenses should not be considered crimes since they were criminalized in law (through the various UN conventions described in this Brief) only after they had been committed, i.e. ex post facto (literally, “after the fact”) (War Crimes: Nuremberg Trials, 2007). The court’s rejection of this argument, broadly speaking, hinged on the idea that these crimes had already been implicitly covered under preexisting international law and bolstered the claims of human rights advocates the such rights should be considered settled international law, or jus cogens.