• The Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada
  • Lower Canada Rebellion - Wikipedia
  • Upper Canada Rebellion - Wikipedia

Buckner, Phillip A.. "Rebellion In Lower Canada." In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 1985—. Article published July 25, 2013

Redcoats and Patriotes: The Rebellions in Lower Canada 1837-38

He personally led British forces during the Rebellions of 1837-1838.

LETTER from  to Sir George Arthur, Lieutenant-Governor ofUpper Canada (Toronto, March 27, 1838)
Information having been received that some Noble Patriothas made a glorious assault upon the Ignoble person ofSir George Arthur the Governor of Upper Canada with no other loss thanthat of the life of the latter, (It is to be feared that this report isnot founded in truth,) - should it prove to be so a suitable Monument willbe furnished gratuitous on condition of the privaledge [] ofcomposing the Epataph [] - Please direct your order to OfifnjbiHijnofz, Marble Mason, Ogdensburgh, St. Lawrence County, New York State.

Rebellions of 1837–38 - The Canadian Encyclopedia

LETTER from  to Sir George Arthur, Lieutenant-Governor ofUpper Canada (Toronto, April 26, 1838)
Given the fact that most of the people in the province shared the same grievances at the hands of the ruling class, it is difficult to understand why Mackenzie received so little active support for his uprising. Despite the flagrant injustices that existed in the little society, most Upper Canadians appeared willing simply to accept them


The Rebellions of 1837-1838 - Historica Canada

Buckner, Phillip A..
The search for a family connection between these two men, as they experienced the 'troublous' times between 1820 and 1851 in Upper and Lower Canada, is the basis for this research guide.

LETTER from Egerton Ryerson to C. A. Hagerman, Attorney General of Upper Canada (Toronto, May 29, 1838)
Men in the Shepard family were known across the country as reformers, Thomas Shepard recalled in his story of the 1837 rebellion as recorded in by John Ross Robertson. Shepard wrote,

In 1837 and 1838, insurrections exploded in Lower and Upper Canada

Although responsible government had been achieved while Mackenzie was in exile, he did not like the new political organization which combined Canada East (formerly Lower Canada) and Canada West (formerly Upper Canada.) Never one to keep quiet about his opinions, Mackenzie took it upon himself to let the residents of Canada West know about his opposition to the union in a series of speeches he made around the province. The poster below publicized those lectures. While officiadom took little notice of Mackenzie's impassioned lectures, it is interesting to note that this union did not work out and it eventually resulted in the Dominion of Canada.

Rebellion in Lower Canada - The Canadian Encyclopedia

Inspired by the American Revolution and the revolutionary movements that were taking place at the same time in Europe, he called for, among other things, the abolishment of the seigneurial system, the separation of Church and State, the status of republic for Lower Canada, and equality among Native people, Anglophones and Francophones.

Form of land distribution and occupation established in New France in 1627.

Rebellion In Lower Canada - StoryJumper

However, what he lacked in leadership he more than made up for in energy. Vowing victory 'General' Mackenzie prepared to lead his ragtag rebels into battle. Wrapped in several overcoats to ward off bullets as well as the bitter cold, he mounted a white farm horse and set off with roughly a thousand ill-armed supporters down Yonge Street to meet and beat Fitzgibbon's forces and overthrow the government. As they set off they sang the Upper Canadian Rebel Song of 1837.

Rebellion in Upper Canada - The Canadian Encyclopedia

This is particularly true for the rebellion in Upper Canada — although by discrediting extremists on both sides of the political spectrum it did assist in the rise to power of moderates who focused on the campaign for responsible government and were thus prepared to unite the two Canadas.