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Get an answer for 'What is an example of dramatic irony in Act 1, Scene 3 or 4 of Macbeth? ' and find homework help for other Macbeth questions at eNotes

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SparkNotes: Hamlet: Important Quotations Explained

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Lady Macbeth’s fear of the darkness, and her clinging to the candles she carries, shows this most powerfully.
•'Stars, hid your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires'Act 1 Scene 4
•'that darkness does the face of earth entomb,/When living light should kiss it?'Act 4 Scene 2
•Come, seeling night,/ Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day'Act 3 Scene 2
Blood
The appearance of blood represents evil plans and consequences of overreaching ambition.

Macbeth: Theme Analysis | Novelguide

The thematic topic here is about the devilish nature of Macbeth and his treason. He has committed an act, associating himself with a devil and against heaven; he is a tyrant, and Macduff must confront this demon.
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A fourth important theme in Macbeth is the creation of an internal/external hell. This creation of a place of damnation begins when Macbeth freely converses with the sinister witches. Banquo calls the weird sisters "instruments of darkness," (Act 1, Scene 4, Line 124) but Macbeth still decides to take their advice. At several times in the play both Macbeth and his wife invoke the night, a universal symbol of evil. Furthermore, many of the scenes in the play take place at night or in murky areas and are accompanied by the shrieks of ominous animals. Macbeth is unable to bless himself after the crime and he "murders sleep," (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 35) one of the only positive associations with night. Thus, hallucinations, sleepwalking, disembodied voices and ghosts all pervade Inverness. One can recognize the climax of this creation of an external hell when the porter himself likens the castle to the residence of the devil. Furthermore, Macbeth is indirectly compared to Edward the King of England. Whereas Edward cures people, Macbeth kills them. In addition, Lady Macbeth commits suicide in the castle, an act considered worthy at the time of eternal damnation in hell.

 

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though in writing Macbeth Shakespeare changed numerous details for dramatic and thematic reasons, ..
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Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno, in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, ". . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed" (34.90-93).

SparkNotes: Macbeth: Act 5, scenes 1–11
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Examples of this are when Macbeth says to Banquo,
“Tonight we hold a solemn supper, sir, And I’ll request your presence (III, i, 13-14)” or
when he says “Fail not our feast (III, i, 28).” makes the play more tragic
because, if the reader understands the irony of what a character is saying, then the reader can see the true nature and intentions of the character.