• Preterm birth - Wikipedia
  • Premature Labor (Preterm Labor) Signs, Causes, and ..
  • Causes and Timing of Death in Extremely Premature …

Understanding the causes and timing of death in extremely premature infants may guide research efforts and inform the counseling of families.

Preterm Birth | Maternal and Infant Health | …

What causes premature birth? - Your 9 months …

One in 13 births in England and Wales are preterm. What causes premature birth?

Many causes of pre-term birth are unexplained and unknown, however there are many risk factors that increase the chances of babies being born early. There are many different factors, medical and otherwise that may make some women more high risk:

Risk Factors & Causes Of Premature Birth

Premature birth can have many causes which include problems with the fetus, the mother, or both
In a clinical study, certain complications or events associated with pregnancy occurred more often in women who received Makena. These included miscarriage (pregnancy loss before 20 weeks of pregnancy), stillbirth (fetal death occurring during or after the 20th week of pregnancy), hospital admission for preterm labor, preeclampsia (high blood pressure and too much protein in your urine), gestational hypertension (high blood pressure caused by pregnancy), gestational diabetes, and oligohydramnios (low amniotic fluid levels).

 

Risk Factors for Premature Birth Many causes of pre …

The causes of preterm labor and premature birth are numerous, complex, and only partly understood

Preeclampsia is the development of elevated blood pressure and protein in the urine after the 20th week of pregnancy. It may be associated with swelling of the face and hands. Symptoms can include edema (swelling of face and hands), high blood pressure, vision disturbances, headaches, nausea and vomiting. This condition can lead to serious complications for the mother and fetus including premature birth. The only known cure is delivery of the baby.

Causes of premature birth - The Nation Nigeria
assesses the problem with respect to both its causes and outcomes. This book addresses the need for research involving clinical, basic, behavioral, and social science disciplines. By defining and addressing the health and economic consequences of premature birth, this book will be of particular interest to health care professionals, public health officials, policy makers, professional associations and clinical, basic, behavioral, and social science researchers.


The Causes and Complications of Premature Births

The increasing prevalence of preterm birth in the United States is a complex public health problem that requires multifaceted solutions. Preterm birth is a cluster of problems with a set of overlapping factors of influence. Its causes may include individual-level behavioral and psychosocial factors, sociodemographic and neighborhood characteristics, environmental exposure, medical conditions, infertility treatments, and biological factors. Many of these factors co-occur, particularly in those who are socioeconomically disadvantaged or who are members of racial and ethnic minority groups.

More than three quarters of premature babies can ..

In conclusion, from 2000 through 2011, rates of death overall — and specifically, deaths attributed to immaturity or pulmonary causes (bronchopulmonary dysplasia and the respiratory distress syndrome) and those attributed to or complicated by infection or CNS injury — decreased among extremely premature infants, while deaths attributed to necrotizing enterocolitis increased. Our findings underscore the continued need to develop and implement strategies for reducing the potentially lethal complications of premature birth.

also help reduce preterm births

Improved overall survival of premature infants has recently been reported by researchers from the Vermont Oxford Network, the Canadian Neonatal Network, and Japan, although these studies did not evaluate changes in cause-specific mortality associated with reductions in overall mortality. The observed decline in overall mortality in our study is unlikely to be a result of more aggressive resuscitation in the delivery room for infants at the margins of viability, because the frequency of aggressive resuscitation in the delivery room, including endotracheal intubation for infants born before 24 weeks of gestation, was similar across the three periods. However, increases in the use of high-frequency ventilation may reflect more aggressive respiratory care over time for the most immature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Front Matter | Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, …

This study shows a reduction in death rates among extremely premature infants born at NICHD Neonatal Research Network centers between 2000 and 2011. The decline in overall mortality was greatest between 2004–2007 and 2008–2011, a period during which the relative decrease in the overall mortality rate was 9.6%. More than half the decrease in overall mortality was accounted for by a reduction in deaths attributed to the respiratory distress syndrome and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. In contrast, deaths attributed to necrotizing enterocolitis increased significantly from 2000–2003 to 2008–2011. The trends we observed in deaths attributed to pulmonary causes or necrotizing enterocolitis are consistent with trends from 1988 through 2008 in infants born before 31 weeks of gestation, as reported in the U.K. Perinatal Mortality Survey. However, we found a decrease in deaths attributed to or complicated by infection, whereas increases in infection-related deaths were reported in the U.K. Perinatal Mortality Survey. The increase in mortality attributed to necrotizing enterocolitis may be related to improvements in the early survival of infants who would have otherwise died before they reached the typical postnatal age at which necrotizing enterocolitis occurs. Data from the U.K. Perinatal Mortality Survey and a Swedish cohort are consistent with these observations.