• Why We Need the EPA | NRDC
  • Why Canada’s Wetlands Matter
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On World Wetlands Day 2015, we celebrate these victories while keeping our sleeves rolled up. Wetlands still need our help.

Wetlands: Why the Regulations? | Geotechnical …

Have you ever wondered why we protect wetlands

2 What is a wetland, and why do we have so many types?
The Areas of Interest layer was designed to highlight wetlands that exhibit unique or important ecological characteristics. It currently includes sites located throughout the United States. It includes Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites) as well as state natural areas, and some National Wildlife Refuges. Each site is marked with a geographic location and includes a link to additional information about that particular wetland. Additional site and information may be added in the future.

Geographically Isolated Wetlands: Why We Should …

Geographically Isolated Wetlands: Why We ..
We can save the Graniteville wetlands and adjacent forest — but only if we stand together and demand that our public officials prioritize the needs of our community over the profits of big businesses.


Why is it important to save wetlands? | Yahoo Answers

The author begins with two basic topics: What are wetlands and why we need wetlands
15. Care for your lawn cautiously. Lawns with trees and shrubs prevent erosion, soak up nutrients before they run off into the wetlands, and improve your soil by adding organic material. Plant the right grass by testing your soil annually. Use the proper fertilizer, and do not over-fertilize. Improper fertilizing can lead to disease, poor root growth, or weed problems. Water your yard only when it's dry by soaking the soil to a depth of four to six inches. Make sure your lawn service is customized to your lawn's needs.

Why we need to save the “Graniteville Swamp ..
17. Control run-off from your yard. Ninety percent of the rain that falls in Louisiana finds its way into our wetlands. This run-off can carry the fertilizers and toxic chemicals you use on your yard. By retaining rainwater you improve the water quality of our wetlands, reduce erosion, replenish the groundwater supply, and reduce the need for fertilizers. Trees, shrubs, and groundcover reduce run-off and soak up nutrients which help clean the water. They will be most effective if planted as a buffer around your yard or in a bare area. They also require less maintenance, fertilizer, and herbicides than grass.

Let’s not forget what America looked like before we had the U.S

Mapper users that are interested in obtaining Mapper legend symbology information can visit our web page for more information.
GIS users can download our legend layer file that contains the symbology associated with the Wetlands Mapper to use in their own desktop environment. Once your layer file is downloaded, follow these steps to apply it to your data:

1. In ArcMap right click the data layer you want to apply the symbology to. Click Properties.
2. Click the Symbology Tab.
3. Click the Import button in the upper right hand corner of the window.
4. In the layer window, navigate to the location of the saved layer file on your machine. Click OK
5. Choose the field name you would like to apply the symbology to. For NWI data, the field name is WETLAND_TYPE. Click OK
6. Click Apply/OK

Environmental Protection Agency

To learn about wetlands and communicate with other human beings, we need a common frame of reference. Otherwise, our knowledge is more like a heap of bricks than a properly constructed building. Let us begin with three books that provide this common frame of reference. First, is a guide that is accessible to the general reader and useful for the professional. The author begins with two basic topics: What are wetlands and why we need wetlands. He then continues with a two-hundred-page survey of the world’s wetlands, supplemented with maps and beautiful illustrations. Next, () also begins with a general introduction to wetlands. It then proceeds through a series of causal factors that make wetlands, roughly in the order of their importance: flooding, fertility, disturbance, competition, herbivory, and burial. Each of these chapters begins with general principles and then explores experimental and descriptive work that shows how these principles apply to wetlands around the world. Third, () also begins with a general introduction to wetlands. However, unlike and , it then divides coverage into five types of wetland ecosystem, with separate chapters on tidal marshes, mangrove swamps, freshwater marshes, freshwater swamps, and peatlands. Whereas Dugan and Keddy emphasize biological diversity, Mitsch and Gosselink tend to emphasize energy flow and biogeochemistry. If you read these three books, you can consider yourself well informed on wetlands as a whole. You can think of these as the trunk upon which many more branches of knowledge are organized. The interested reader can then proceed in two directions. In the first case, one can deepen one’s knowledge of the causal factors that create wetlands and proceed with topics such as and . Or one can focus on the many kinds of wetlands that arise in a local context and proceed with . Finally, with the above sources as a foundation, one can directly consult specialized journals, such as , the journal published by the Society of Wetland Scientists since 1981. Otherwise, much of the specialist work on wetland ecology is scattered across journals that deal with ecology and geography. Further, owing to the commercial importance of animals in wetlands (think ducks, muskrats, fish) many papers can be found in fish and wildlife journals, work that is too often marred by an inordinate emphasis upon production of one or a few species of animals. Many wetlands have been damaged in the name of “wildlife management.”

Wetlands Protection and Restoration | US EPA

The Willows and Wetlands Visitor Centre is the home of P. H. Coate & Son, founded by willow grower and merchant Robert Coate in 1819, and still run by the Coate family today. When Kathleen Boobyer, daughter of well known willow grower and furniture maker Edmund Boobyer, married Percy Coate in 1940, the joining of the two families created the present company.

The Somerset Levels
Is the most important wetland area in the U.K. This unique landscape provides the perfect conditions for willow growing. Basket making willow, known as "Withies", have been grown here for two centuries, and it is now the only area left where it is still cultivated for the production of baskets, furniture, garden items and high quality artists' charcoal. Here indeed is the heart of the English willow industry, an industry that in many ways has not changed for centuries.

Production of Withies
Willow grows extremely quickly, in one growing season which lasts from late May to early October a single rod can reach up to 8ft long. New willow beds are planted in the spring using pieces of willow from the crop harvested during the preceding winter. The new willow bed will not be fully productive in the first three years, but once it is well established, with careful management the plants can last up to 30 years.

Harvesting Withies
Each mature plant or "stool" gives rise to over 30 rods. The crop is harvested each winter time after the leaves have died and fallen, these old leaves provide nutrients for the following years, eliminating the need for artificial fertilisers.

The willow beds provide homes and shelter for many species of birds and animals during the summer months. Willow growing is part of the rich environmental heritage of this area of Somerset. Both the commercial willow crops, or beds and the pollarded willow trees contribute to the character and image of the region.

Machines are now used for cutting the withies and stripping off the bark, but in many ways the industry has hardly changed.

Basket Making
The team at P. H Coate & Son, are specialist basket makers with 180 years experience between them.

Production of Artists' Charcoal
Once the crop is harvested it undergoes various processes in preparation for turning into charcoal. This includes boiling the rods for ten hours to soften the bark so it can be removed by special machines. The processed rods are then cut into regular length pieces that will soon become the familiar charcoal sticks. The cut pieces of willow are graded according to diameter and packed tightly into cooking tins.

As the full length rods are tapered along their length, the pieces from the top of the rod become thin charcoal and the pieces at the bottom of the rod become the thick charcoal, with the pieces in the middle becoming medium charcoal.

Once the tins are packed they are made air-tight and then cooked in custom made kilns for 10 hours. This cooking process is finely controlled at all times, failure to keep control will result either in a fire or uncooked willow sticks, which are suitable for drawing with. A small proportion of the willow crop is left to grow for two or even three years, these rods are turned into the very large tree sticks.

As we only produce 100% natural willow charcoal we are unable to supply charcoal pencils or compressed charcoal sticks.

Pigmentation - colour:
There is more to charcoal than sticks!!
Using powdered charcoal with your fingers. 'finger-paint' style creates soft, subtle effects. If you feel really creative, why not try making your own paint by mixing ground charcoal with a binder substance to make black paint or to darken colours.....

We are able to supply finely ground, powdered charcoal for filtration purposes. Because of its unique absorption qualities willow is ideal for filtering.

Fireworks - Pyrotechnics:
Ground charcoal is one of the key ingredients in making Black Powder. Black Powder known because of its use in explosives - the Gunpowder Plot and firearms. The charcoal provides lift, it acts as a propellant. The same lifting qualities that make charcoal vital to explosives are also valued in the creation of fireworks. Charcoal helps launch the rockets we enjoy on bonfire night.

For more information on Coates Charcoal visit our charcoal website at: